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INITIATIVE TO WITHDRAW THE GOVERNMENT’S DRAFT BYLAW WHICH RESTRICTS RESEARCH IN THE FIELD OF DEFENSE

05.04.2017

National Convention on the European Union (NKEU) and the representatives of the academia and the civil society urge the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Serbia to withdraw the draft Bylaw on scientific and other research relevant for national defense and on the procedure and conditions for issuing permits for carrying out such research together with foreign entities or contracted by foreign entities.

This Bylaw by hindering academic freedom and the right to freedom of expression, violates the Constitution of our country, but also the European Convention of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. The Bylaw imposes restrictions that do not exist in in democratic societies and through which all academic research is impeded in Serbia, as well as international academic cooperation and hinders the work of business entities. It threatens the democratic control over the security sector, and treats security as a state, and not a public good, and reduces it to defense and puts it under the Army’s jurisdiction.

The text of the Bylaw is contrary to the strategic commitment to accessing the EU and the participation in improving international security in cooperation with other legitimate actors in the policy of defense, as academia, civil society and other state institutions both from home and abroad.

The Draft Bylaw infringes the freedom and the autonomy of research that is necessary for monitoring the progress of the EU accession negotiations, and for which the organizations gathered in the National Convention on the EU are mandated under the Serbian Government’s procedures on the negotiations. Moreover, the Draft Bylaw threatens the independent research in the area of security studies that is a prerequisite for democratic control of the security institutions.

In addition to the violations of the rights, it is extremely important to note that the application of this Bylaw would prevent, or at least substantially impede, international scientific and research cooperation of universities, scientific institutes, state institutions and civil society organizations from Serbia, which is financed from foreign funds. For example, the Draft Bylaw establishes the obligation of all stakeholders to submit to the Ministry of Defense the public opinion surveys questionnaires (prior to conducting the survey) for research that will be potentially financed from abroad, e.g. through academic research programs of the EU - "Horizon 2020". This is not in accordance with the principles of Chapter 25 - Science and Research, that aims at the creation of a single European research area in which researchers, as well as scientific and technological knowledge circulate freely, and the involvement of scientists from Serbia in international projects.

Instead of the pre-set restrictions, the Government should devise ways to enhance domestic funding for research, through increasing the budget for science, and through a transparent competition for resources intended for civil society organizations from the budget line 481. In addition, defining of priority areas to improve the national security and defense is possible only on the basis of high-quality, timely and professional research, in which the broadest spectrum of stakeholders from academia, civil society and the business sector can participate.

National Convention on the EU urges faculties, scientific institutes, businesses and business associations, the media, as well as civil society organizations to support the initiative for the withdrawal of this disputable draft Bylaw. The National Convention on the EU brings together more than 600 civil society organizations gathered in Working groups to follow the course of negotiations and the implementation of reforms in the 35 negotiation chapters.


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Milan Karagaća  -  
12.04.2017 12:45
Dakle, član 2. Uredbe glasi :
"Državni organi i pravna lica koja vrše naučna i druga istraživanja u oblastima od značaja za odbranu zemlje na teritoriji Republike Srbije, mogu vršiti ta istraživanja zajedno sastranim licima ili za potrebe tih lica, samo ako su prethodno pribavile odobrenje Ministarstva odbrane."
Pa opet dakle, odnosi se samo na istraživanja zajedno sa stranim licima ili za potrebe stranih lica. I šta tu nije jasno, u kojoj to još državi mogu stranci da se bave istraživanjima u oblasti odbrane bez saglasnosti nadležnog organa ili , još drastičnije, u kojoj to državi se vrši istraživanje iz oblasti odbrane za potrebe stranih lica. Pa da li gospodo uopšte razmišljate o dignitetu sopstvenom i dignitetu sopstvene države. Ponavljam, kome nije jasno neka pogleda kako je to uređeno u Nemačkoj, Švajcarskoj, Austriji...
Naucnik  -  
12.04.2017 23:37
Nekome je izgleda cilj da potpuno unisti srpsku nauku.
EPuS  -  
13.04.2017 13:30
Poštovani g. Karagaća,

Hvala Vam na komentaru. Niko ne spori potrebe zaštite države i da je odbrana osnovna funkcija svake države. Međutim, problem Predloga uredbe je u nedefeinisanim obimima pojmova "za potrebe odbrane" i "zajedno sa stranim licima ili za potrebe tih lica”.

Ovako postavljen pojam “za potrebe odbrane" obuhvata doslovce sve i ostavlja preveliki prostor Ministarstvu za tumačenja, što može dovesti do cenzure. Verujemo da je tekst uredbe ipak samo posledica manjka javne rasprave, a ne loše namere, što je opet po sebi problem sa kojim demokratsko društvo ne bi trebalo da se suočava.

Član 2. stav 2, tačka 2 obuhvata istraživanja u oblasti zaštite i unapređenja životne sredine. Zbog male teritorije Srbije, mnogo projekata ima prekogranični element. Tačka 8 obuhvata sva ispitivanja javnog mnjenja. Striktnim čitanjem ovog stava dolazimo da za svako panevropsko ili regionalno ispitivanje javnog mnjenja mora da se dobije odobrenje Ministarstva odbrane.

Ovo dovodi do pitanje šta sve podrazumeva pojam "zajedno sa stranim licima ili za potrebe tih lica"? Da li to obuhvata svaki kontakt sa stranim licima? Da li to obuhvata svaki oblik finansiranja gde je izvor finansiranja strana fondacija? Da li to obuhvata i fondacije koje imaju domaća pravna lica a koja su u stranom vlasništvu, npr. Hemofarm ili Fiat, Zimens i sl. Svaki rad sa njima po bilo kojoj od tema bi bio ograničen odobrenjem MO. Postavlja se pitanje, kakva je njihova pozicija i uloga, kad je veliki korisnik njihove pomoći upravo Republika Srbija.

Takođe, učestvovanje naših istraživačkih institucija i univerziteta bi skoro bilo onemogućeno za fondove EU i programe, poput Horizont 2020 ili Erazmus+, a za koje Srbija kao država plaća kontribuciju za učestvovanje. Rokovi za prijavljivanje su vrlo kratki i striktni i institucije nemaju 30 dana da čekaju odobrenje Ministarstva, a pri tom moraju da ulože svoja sredstva i resurse u prijavu, za koju ne znaju da li će smeti da učestvuju. U takvoj situaciji naše institucije nisu konkurentne prilikom pravljenja konzorcijuma i izbora partnera, zbog čega će biti izostavljene.

Potreba postojanja odbrambenih sposobnosti Republike Srbije nije sporna, ali prilikom pisanja ovakvih akata se mora voditi računa o obimu i obuhvatu ograničenja, pogotovo ako je identični tekst prepisan iz Uredbe iz 1994. godine, od kada smo, trebalo bi, napredovali kao demokratsko i otvoreno društvo.

U svakom slučaju, nakon sastanka predstavnika organizacija civilnog društva sa Ministrom, verujemo da će se budući predlozi ovakvog tipa davati na javnu raspravu i tako sprečiti nenameravane i štetne posledice.

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